Cappadocia (Central Anatolian Volcanic Province):
- Mainly the volcanoes Mount Erciyes and Mount Hasan and earthquakes formed the Central Anatolian or Nevsehir Plateau.
- Rock formations comprised of tufa and basalt resulted from lava flow, ash and mud that poured from volcanic eruptions beginning 14 million years ago.
- Fairy chimneys and other bizarre-shaped rocks were formed by continual erosion.
- Hittites settled in area: 18th - 12th Centuries B.C;
- Persians: 6th - 4th Centuries B.C;
- Romans: A.D. 17 - 4th Century;
- Byzantine Greeks: 4th - 11th Centuries;
- Turks: 12th Century.
© Scott Woodham Photography